Konaka K, Kondo J, Hirota N, Tamine K, Hori K, Ono T, Maeda Y, Sakoda S, Naritomi H.
Eur Neurol. 2010;64(2):101-7. Epub 2010 Jul 13.
Although poststroke dysphagia is an important issue for determining prognosis, the pathophysiology of oral-phase dysphagia has yet to be clarified due to a lack of adequate devices and protocols. The present study investigated the relationships between swallowing pressure production by the tongue and dysphagia in stroke patients using a newly developed method of tongue pressure measurement with a sensor sheet system.
Subjects were 64 stroke patients, including 30 patients with dysphagia. A T-shaped sensor sheet with 5 measuring points was attached to the hard palate to record tongue pressure while swallowing 5 ml of water. The average maximal magnitude and incidence of abnormalities such as asynchronous and/or polyphasic patterns in tongue pressure waves in 5 locations were compared between patients with and without dysphagia.
The average maximal tongue pressure was significantly smaller in patients with dysphagia than in those without dysphagia. Asynchronous and polyphasic patterns showed a sensitivity of 63 and 87%, and a specificity of 91 and 71%, respectively, for identifying patients with dysphagia.
Tongue pressure production during swallowing appears closely related to poststroke dysphagia. Tongue pressure measurement appears useful for evaluating the pathophysiology of oral-phase dysphagia in stroke patients.