Functional Outcome in Acute Stroke Patients with Oropharyngeal Dysphagia after Swallowing Therapy

Huang KL, Liu TY, Huang YC, Leong CP, Lin WC, Pong YP.

Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2014 Sep 20.

Abstract

Dysphagia after stroke is associated with mortality and increased pulmonary complications. Swallowing therapies may decrease pulmonary complications and improve patients’ quality of life after stroke. This study used clinical swallowing assessments and videofluoroscopy (VFS) to assess the functional recovery of acute stroke patients with dysphagia after different swallowing therapies. We enrolled 29 acute stroke patients withdysphagia and randomly divided them into 3 therapy groups: traditional swallowing (TS), oropharyngeal neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), and combined NMES/TS. All patients were assessed using the clinical functional oral intake scale (FOIS), 8-point penetration-aspiration scale (PAS), and functional dysphagia scale (FDS) of VFS before and after treatment. There were no differences in the clinical parameters and swallowing results of the FOIS and VFS before swallowing treatment among the 3 groups (P > .05). TS therapy and combined therapy both had significant swallowing improvement after therapy according to the FOIS and 8-point PAS (P < .05). When comparing the results of the VFS among the 3 groups, we found significant improvements in patients eating cookies and thick liquid after combined NMES/TS therapy (P < .05). In acute stroke patients withdysphagia, combined NMES/TS therapy is the most effective swallowing therapy in taking solid diets and thick liquids.

Copyright © 2014 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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