Langmore SE1, Pisegna JM.
Int J Speech Lang Pathol. 2015 Mar 31:1-8. [Epub ahead of print]
This review critiques the benefit of commonly used rehabilitative exercises for dysphagia.
Common goals of rehabilitation for dysphagia and principles of neuroplasticity are introduced as they apply to swallowing and non-swallowing exercises. A critique of published studies is offered regarding their evidence for showing benefit from the exercise.
One of five swallow exercises had preliminary evidence for long-term benefit and two of four non-swallow exercises have strong evidence for long-term benefit.
Only a minority of exercises prescribed for patients with dysphagia have sufficient evidence for long-term improvement in swallowing