Arquivo da categoria: Dysphagia

The role of speech-language pathologists in adult palliative care.

Chahda L1, Mathisen BA2, Carey LB1.

Int J Speech Lang Pathol. 2017 Feb;19(1):58-68. doi: 10.1080/17549507.2016.1241301.

Créditos Imagem: http://www.indusage.com.au/after-hours-helpline-for-palliative-care-patients-and-carers/

Abstract

PURPOSE: Given minimal studies describing the role and practice of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in adult palliative care, the aim of this review was to compile a database of research literature, examine the potential research gaps and to consider material that specifically discussed the need for and/or use of procedures and protocols for SLPs working in palliative care that would support the development of SLP palliative care guidelines.

METHOD: A scoping review was conducted utilising Arksey and O’Malley’s framework with the goal of exploring any key concepts and approaches utilised by SLPs in adult palliative care, plus any literature and/or recommendations regarding SLP practice in adult palliative care settings.

RESULT: Over 1200 articles were initially identified. Of the 1200 articles, 13 academic papers were considered relevant as they recommended, or at least suggested, the need for speech-language pathology therapy guidelines to be implemented within adult palliative care settings.

CONCLUSION: The main focus of these articles was on ethical considerations and clinical recommendations for SLPs. Recommendations arising from this scoping review include providing goals to support current practising SLP clinicians and developing clinical guidelines to manage swallowing and/or communication needs of people receiving palliative care.

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Getting comfortable with “comfort feeding”: An exploration of legal and ethical aspects of the Australian speech-language pathologist’s role in palliative dysphagia care.

Kelly K1,2, Cumming S2, Kenny B2, Smith-Merry J2, Bogaardt H2.

Int J Speech Lang Pathol. 2018 Mar 28:1-9. doi: 10.1080/17549507.2018.1448895. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

PURPOSE: With an ageing population, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) can expect to encounter legal and ethical challenges associated with palliative and end-of-life care more frequently. An awareness of the medico-legal and ethical framework for palliative dysphagia management will better equip SLPs to work effectively in this area.

METHOD: This narrative review examines a range of legislation, legal, ethical and SLP literature that is currently available to orient SLPs to legal and ethical palliative dysphagia management in the Australian context.

RESULT: Relevant legal and ethical considerations in palliative and end-of-life care are described.

CONCLUSION: SLPs have a role in palliative dysphagia management, however, this can involve unique legal and ethical challenges. The legal position on provision and cessation of nutrition and hydration differs between Australian States and Territories. Decisions by the courts have established a body of relevant case law. This article introduces SLPs to some of the important considerations for legal and ethical palliative care, but is not intended to be directive. SLPs are encouraged to explore their local options for ethical and medico-legal guidance. It is hoped that increasing SLPs awareness of many of the concepts discussed in this article enhances the provision of high-quality patient-centred care.

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Speech and swallow rehabilitation in head and neck cancer: United Kingdom National Multidisciplinary Guidelines

Abstract

This is the official guideline endorsed by the specialty associations involved in the care of head and neck cancer patients in the UK. The disease itself and the treatment can have far reaching effects on speech and swallow function, which are consistently prioritised by survivors as an area of concern. This paper provides recommendations on the assessments and interventions for speech and swallow rehabilitation in this patient group.

Recommendations

• All multidisciplinary teams should have rehabilitation patient pathways covering all stages of the patient’s journey including multidisciplinary and pre-treatment clinics. (G)

• Clinicians treating head and neck cancer patients should consult the National Cancer Rehabilitation Pathway for head and neck cancers. (G)

• All head and neck cancer patients should have a pre-treatment assessment of speech and swallowing. (G)

• A programme of prophylactic exercises and the teaching of swallowing manoeuvres can reduce impairments, maintain function and enable a speedier recovery. (R)

• Continued speech and language therapist input is important in maintaining voice and safe and effective swallow function following head and neck cancer treatment. (R)

• Disease recurrence must be ruled out in the management of stricture and/or stenosis. (R)

• Continuous radial expansion balloons offer a safe, effective dilation method with advantages over gum elastic bougies. (R)

• Site, length and completeness of strictures as well as whether they are in the presence of the larynx or not, need to be assessed when establishing the likelihood of surgically improved outcome. (G)

• Primary surgical voice restoration should be offered to all patients undergoing laryngectomy. (R)

• Attention to surgical detail and long-term speech and language therapist input is required to optimise speech and swallowing after laryngectomy. (G)

• Patients should commence wearing heat and moisture exchange devices as soon as possible after laryngectomy. (R)

 

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Effect of Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT LOUD®) on swallowing and cough in Parkinson’s disease: A pilot study.

Miles A1, Jardine M2, Johnston F2, de Lisle M2, Friary P2, Allen J3.

J Neurol Sci. 2017 Dec 15;383:180-187. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2017.11.015. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT LOUD®) is an effective therapy for phonation in Parkinson’s Disease (PD) but little is known about any additional spread of effects to swallowing and cough function. This pilot study examined the effect of LSVT LOUD on pharyngeal swallowing parameters and reflexive cough strength.

METHODS: Twenty participants (14 men, 6 women; mean 68years, SD3.5) with PD referred for LSVT LOUD with complaints of voice deterioration were recruited. Mean duration of PD was 6yrs., SD 3. Self-reported Eating Assessment Tool-10 scores ranging from 0 to 25 (normal<3). Prior to LSVT LOUD, 1-week post- and 6-months post-treatment, participants undertook a videofluoroscopic study of swallowing and aerodynamic measures of involuntary cough.

RESULTS: All participants completed the LSVT LOUD programme; 3 participants were lost to follow-up at 6-months. All participants made significant gains in average sound pressure level (dB SPL). Aspiration was not observed. Pharyngeal residue (p<0.05) and pharyngeal area at rest reduced (p<0.01) while maximal opening of pharyngoesophageal segment (PES) (p<0.05) and PES opening duration (p<0.05) significantly increased. There was a significant improvement in involuntary cough peak expiratory flow rate and peak expiratory flow rise time. All changes were maintained at 6-months.

CONCLUSION: LSVT LOUD demonstrates additional spread effects on pharyngoesophageal deglutitive function and involuntary cough effectiveness in people with mild PD referred with voice complaints. Consequently, LSVT LOUD has potential to provide additional benefits for swallowing safety and efficiency in this patient group.

Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Effects of jaw opening exercise on aspiration in stroke patients with dysphagia: a pilot study.

Oh DH1, Won JH2, Kim YA2, Kim WJ3.

J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Oct;29(10):1817-1818. doi: 10.1589/jpts.29.1817. Epub 2017 Oct 21.

Imagem: Cefon

Abstract

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of jaw opening exercise (JOE) on aspiration in patients with dysphagia after stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Three subjects were recruited. Isometric and isotonic JOE were performed using a rubber ball, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. Aspiration was evaluated using the penetration-a spiration scale (PAS) based on a videofluoroscopic swallowing study. [Results] All subjects showed a score reduction of at least 1 point and a maximum reduction of 2 points in the PAS in the liquid type. [Conclusion] This study confirmed that JOE can be used to reduce aspiration in patients with dysphagia after stroke.

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Sabor azedo e temperatura fria na fase oral da deglutição no acidente vascular encefálico

Ana Rita GattoI; Paula Cristina ColaII; Roberta Gonçalves da SilvaIII; André Augusto SpadottoIV; Priscila Watson RibeiroV; Arthur Oscar SchelpV; Lidia Raquel de CarvalhoVI; Maria Aparecida Coelho de Arruda Henry

CoDAS vol.25 no.2 São Paulo  2013

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2317-17822013000200012

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Verificar o efeito do sabor azedo e da temperatura fria no tempo de trânsito oral da deglutição.

MÉTODOS: Participaram deste estudo 52 indivíduos (28 do gênero masculino e 24 do gênero feminino) após acidente vascular encefálico isquêmico, com lesão à direita ou à esquerda e disfagia orofaríngea de grau leve a moderado, com idades variando de 50 a 80 anos (mediana=66 anos). Foi realizada a videofluoroscopia da deglutição para a análise dos tempos de deglutição. Cada indivíduo foi avaliado durante a deglutição de bolo na consistência pastosa, oferecido em colher com 5 ml, com quatro estímulos diferentes (natural, frio, azedo e azedo-frio). Após o exame foram realizadas as medidas de tempo de trânsito oral utilizando software específico. Foram mensurados o tempo de trânsito oral (a partir do início do movimento do bolo alimentar na boca) e o tempo de trânsito oral total (a partir do momento em que o bolo é colocado na boca).
RESULTADOS: A associação entre o estímulo azedo e a temperatura fria provocou mudanças significavas no tempo de trânsito oral total e no tempo de trânsito oral, com redução nestes tempos.
CONCLUSÃO: O sabor azedo e a temperatura fria associados apresentaram redução do tempo de trânsito oral em pacientes pós acidente vascular encefálico.

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Effect of the combination of Mendelsohn maneuver and effortful swallowing on aspiration in patients with dysphagia after stroke.

Kim JH1, Kim YA2, Lee HJ2, Kim KS3, Kim ST4, Kim TS5, Cho YS3.

J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Nov;29(11):1967-1969. doi: 10.1589/jpts.29.1967. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

Imagem retirada Google

Abstract

Purpose:

This study investigated the effect of a combined method incorporating the Mendelsohn maneuver and effortful swallowing on aspiration in patients with dysphagia after stroke.

Subjects and Methods:

Three patients with dysphagia were recruited. All patients were treated with a combined method consisting of the Mendelsohn maneuver and effortful swallowing. The intervention period was total 20 sessions. Evaluation was based on videofluoroscopic swallowing study and the degree of aspiration was assessed using penetration-aspiration scale.

Results:

Before and after intervention, all participants showed a decrease in aspiration with liquid type and semisolid type food.

Conclusion:

This study confirms that the combined method of the Mendelsohn maneuver and effortful swallowing has a positive effect on aspiration in patients with dysphagia after stroke.

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