Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis. 2018 Feb;135(1S):S17-S21. doi: 10.1016/j.anorl.2017.12.009. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
Espitalier F1, Fanous A2, Aviv J3, Bassiouny S4, Desuter G5, Nerurkar N6, Postma G7, Crevier-Buchman L8.
OBJECTIVE: To present international recommendations regarding the proper evaluation of oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD), both objectively and subjectively (self-evaluation).
METHODS: Following a thorough review of the literature, 5 experts in the field from 4 different continents answered separately a questionnaire regarding the work-up of OD. Individual answers were presented and discussed during the world ENT conference that was held in Paris in June 2017. This article will present the recommendations issued from that meeting.
RESULTS: For the initial objective assessment of OD, it is recommended to perform either a functional endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) or a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). FEES is the more popular investigation given its increased ease of use and accessibility. When evaluating for the presence of aspiration during the objective evaluation of OD, it is recommended to perform either a FEES or a VFSS. In this case, FEES is the favored investigation given its likely increased sensitivity. In order to highlight the presence of oropharyngeal food residue following the deglutition process, it is recommended to perform either a FEES or a VFSS; FEES likely being the more sensitive investigation while VFSS allows a better quantification of the amount of pharyngeal residue. Is it also recommended to objectify the quality of the deglutition process by means of a score during the objective evaluation of OD. Finally, it is recommended to utilize a self-evaluation questionnaire during research studies exploring the deglutition process.
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
LEIA O ARTIGO NA ÍNTEGRA
Marvin S1, Thibeault S2, Ehlenbach WJ3.
Dysphagia. 2018 Jul 24. doi: 10.1007/s00455-018-9926-3. [Epub ahead of print]
Swallowing evaluations are often delayed at least 24 h following extubation with the assumption that swallow function improves over time. The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to determine if dysphagia, as measured by aspiration and need for diet modification, declines over the first 24-h post-extubation, whereby providing evidence-based evaluation guidelines for this population. Forty-nine patients completed FEES at 2-4 h post-extubation and 24-26 h post-extubation. We compared Penetration-Aspiration Scale scores and diet recommendation between time points. Multivariable logistic regression models were created to investigate associations between age, reason for admission, reason for intubation, and a history of COPD and outcomes of aspiration or silent aspiration at either FEES exam. Sixty-nine percent of participants safely swallowed at least one texture without aspiration at 2-4 h post-extubation. Within participants, there was a significant decrease in penetration/aspiration at 24 h and 79% showed improvement in airway protection on at least one bolus type, suggesting an improvement in swallow function over the first day following extubation. These findings suggest that although patients may be safe to begin a modified diet soon after extubation, delaying evaluation until 24-h post-extubation may allow for a less restricted diet.
ACESSE O PERIÓDICO
Chahda L1, Mathisen BA2, Carey LB1.
Int J Speech Lang Pathol. 2017 Feb;19(1):58-68. doi: 10.1080/17549507.2016.1241301.
Créditos Imagem: http://www.indusage.com.au/after-hours-helpline-for-palliative-care-patients-and-carers/
PURPOSE: Given minimal studies describing the role and practice of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in adult palliative care, the aim of this review was to compile a database of research literature, examine the potential research gaps and to consider material that specifically discussed the need for and/or use of procedures and protocols for SLPs working in palliative care that would support the development of SLP palliative care guidelines.
METHOD: A scoping review was conducted utilising Arksey and O’Malley’s framework with the goal of exploring any key concepts and approaches utilised by SLPs in adult palliative care, plus any literature and/or recommendations regarding SLP practice in adult palliative care settings.
RESULT: Over 1200 articles were initially identified. Of the 1200 articles, 13 academic papers were considered relevant as they recommended, or at least suggested, the need for speech-language pathology therapy guidelines to be implemented within adult palliative care settings.
CONCLUSION: The main focus of these articles was on ethical considerations and clinical recommendations for SLPs. Recommendations arising from this scoping review include providing goals to support current practising SLP clinicians and developing clinical guidelines to manage swallowing and/or communication needs of people receiving palliative care.
Kelly K1,2, Cumming S2, Kenny B2, Smith-Merry J2, Bogaardt H2.
Int J Speech Lang Pathol. 2018 Mar 28:1-9. doi: 10.1080/17549507.2018.1448895. [Epub ahead of print]
PURPOSE: With an ageing population, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) can expect to encounter legal and ethical challenges associated with palliative and end-of-life care more frequently. An awareness of the medico-legal and ethical framework for palliative dysphagia management will better equip SLPs to work effectively in this area.
METHOD: This narrative review examines a range of legislation, legal, ethical and SLP literature that is currently available to orient SLPs to legal and ethical palliative dysphagia management in the Australian context.
RESULT: Relevant legal and ethical considerations in palliative and end-of-life care are described.
CONCLUSION: SLPs have a role in palliative dysphagia management, however, this can involve unique legal and ethical challenges. The legal position on provision and cessation of nutrition and hydration differs between Australian States and Territories. Decisions by the courts have established a body of relevant case law. This article introduces SLPs to some of the important considerations for legal and ethical palliative care, but is not intended to be directive. SLPs are encouraged to explore their local options for ethical and medico-legal guidance. It is hoped that increasing SLPs awareness of many of the concepts discussed in this article enhances the provision of high-quality patient-centred care.
ACESSE O PERIÓDICO
Miles A1, Jardine M2, Johnston F2, de Lisle M2, Friary P2, Allen J3.
J Neurol Sci. 2017 Dec 15;383:180-187. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2017.11.015. Epub 2017 Nov 15.
PURPOSE: Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT LOUD®) is an effective therapy for phonation in Parkinson’s Disease (PD) but little is known about any additional spread of effects to swallowing and cough function. This pilot study examined the effect of LSVT LOUD on pharyngeal swallowing parameters and reflexive cough strength.
METHODS: Twenty participants (14 men, 6 women; mean 68years, SD3.5) with PD referred for LSVT LOUD with complaints of voice deterioration were recruited. Mean duration of PD was 6yrs., SD 3. Self-reported Eating Assessment Tool-10 scores ranging from 0 to 25 (normal<3). Prior to LSVT LOUD, 1-week post- and 6-months post-treatment, participants undertook a videofluoroscopic study of swallowing and aerodynamic measures of involuntary cough.
RESULTS: All participants completed the LSVT LOUD programme; 3 participants were lost to follow-up at 6-months. All participants made significant gains in average sound pressure level (dB SPL). Aspiration was not observed. Pharyngeal residue (p<0.05) and pharyngeal area at rest reduced (p<0.01) while maximal opening of pharyngoesophageal segment (PES) (p<0.05) and PES opening duration (p<0.05) significantly increased. There was a significant improvement in involuntary cough peak expiratory flow rate and peak expiratory flow rise time. All changes were maintained at 6-months.
CONCLUSION: LSVT LOUD demonstrates additional spread effects on pharyngoesophageal deglutitive function and involuntary cough effectiveness in people with mild PD referred with voice complaints. Consequently, LSVT LOUD has potential to provide additional benefits for swallowing safety and efficiency in this patient group.
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ACESSE O PERIÓDICO