Mariana de Oliveira Ribeiro1; Renata de Oliveira Rahal1; Andréa Siqueira Kokanj; Daniela Pimenta Bittar
Acta Fisiatrica; Dezembro 2009 – Volume 16 – Número 4
OBJETIVO: Verificar a eficiência da bandagem elástica Kinesio no controle de deglutição de saliva em crianças com paralisia cerebral.
MATERIAL E MÉTODO: A pesquisa foi realizada no Setor Escolar da Associação de Assistência à Criança Deficiente (AACD). Participaram 42 crianças com idades entre 4 e 15 anos (média = 8 anos e 9 meses), de ambos os sexos, com diagnóstico de paralisia cerebral e queixa de sialorréia. Foi realizado um checklist com os pais da criança com perguntas referentes a sialorréia e posteriormente realizadas duas escalas para pontuação da freqüência e da gravidade dessa. Foram realizadas oito aplicações da Kinesio Tape na musculatura supra-hióidea e então, o checklist e as escalas foram reaplicados.
RESULTADOS: Verificou-se que houve redução estatisticamente significante nos parâmetros utilizados para verificação da sialorréia, sendo eles: número de toalhas utilizadas por dia para secar a baba, pontuação na escala de freqüência e pontuação na escala de gravidade da sialorréia.
CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que o método Kinesio Taping é eficaz na melhora do controle de deglutição de saliva em crianças com Paralisia Cerebral.
LEIA O ARTIGO NA ÍNTEGRA
J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2008 Feb;51(1):S276-300. doi: 10.1044/1092-4388(2008/021).
Robbins J1, Butler SG, Daniels SK, Diez Gross R, Langmore S, Lazarus CL, Martin-Harris B, McCabe D, Musson N, Rosenbek J.
This review presents the state of swallowing rehabilitation science as it relates to evidence for neural plastic changes in the brain. The case is made for essential collaboration between clinical and basic scientists to expand the positive influences of dysphagia rehabilitation in synergy with growth in technology and knowledge. The intent is to stimulate thought and propose potential research directions.
A working group of experts in swallowing and dysphagia reviews 10 principles of neural plasticity and integrates these advancing neural plastic concepts with swallowing and clinical dysphagia literature for translation into treatment paradigms. In this context, dysphagia refers to disordered swallowing associated with central and peripheral sensorimotor deficits associated with stroke, neurodegenerative disease, tumors of the head and neck, infection, or trauma.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:
The optimal treatment parameters emerging from increased understanding of neural plastic principles and concepts will contribute to evidence-based practice. Integrating these principles will improve dysphagia rehabilitation directions, strategies, and outcomes. A strategic plan is discussed, including several experimental paradigms for the translation of these principles and concepts of neural plasticity into the clinical science of rehabilitation for oropharyngeal swallowing disorders, ultimately providing the evidence to substantiate their translation into clinical practice.
ACESSE O PERIÓDICO
NeuroRehabilitation. 2015 Jan 1;36(1):101-6. doi: 10.3233/NRE-141197.
Hägg MK, Tibbling LI.
BACKGROUND: Most patients with post-stroke dysphagia are also affected by facial dysfunction in all four facial quadrants. Intraoral stimulation can successfully treat post-stroke dysphagia, but its effect on post-stroke facial dysfunction remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether intraoral stimulation after stroke has simultaneous effects on facial dysfunction in the contralateral lower facial quadrant and in the other three facial quadrants, on lip force, and on dysphagia. METHODS: Thirty-one stroke patients were treated with intraoral stimulation and assessed with a facial activity test, lip force test, and swallowing capacity test at three time-points: before treatment, at the end of treatment, and at late follow-up (over one year after the end of treatment). RESULTS: Facial activity, lip force, and swallowing capacity scores were all improved between baseline and the end of treatment (P < 0.001 for each), with these improvements remaining at late follow-up. Baseline and treatment data did not significantly differ between patients treated short and late after stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with intraoral stimulation significantly improved post-stroke dysfunction in all four facial quadrants, swallowing capacity, and lip force even in cases of long-standing post-stroke dysfunction. Furthermore, such improvement remained for over one year after the end of treatment.
Sia I, Carvajal P, Lacy AA, Carnaby GD, Crary MA.
J Oral Rehabil. 2014 Dec 8
Variability in magnitude of deglutitional hyolaryngeal excursion in patients with dysphagia suggests that it does not adequately represent the kinematics of swallowing difficulties or recovery following rehabilitation. On the other hand, reduced hyolaryngeal excursion velocity has been reported in patients with dysphagia. While increased movement velocity often accompanies clinical and functional recovery in many diseases, velocity changes in swallowing-related movement following dysphagia therapy have not been well studied. This study evaluated changes in hyoid and laryngeal excursion (magnitude, duration and velocity) before and following successful dysphagia therapy to provide a more comprehensive representation of improvement to swallowing kinematics in patients who have experienced successful rehabilitation. A secondary analysis of case series data was completed. Eight patients with severe, chronic dysphagia completed a standard course of an exercise-based dysphagia treatment programme (McNeill dysphagia therapy program, MDTP). Pre- and post-treatment, kinematic aspects of swallowing were evaluated for thin liquid, thick liquid and pudding swallows. Maximum hyoid and laryngeal excursion magnitude and excursion duration were measured. Excursion velocities were calculated from excursion magnitude and duration measures. Successful treatment for dysphagia facilitated increased hyolaryngeal excursion magnitude, duration and velocity. These changes were most prominent for the hyoid and most often observed with thin liquids. By examining hyoid and laryngeal excursion velocity in patients who have experienced successful dysphagia rehabilitation, this study demonstrated the value of evaluating spatial and temporal aspects of swallowing kinematics in a single measure for a more comprehensive representation of positive changes underlying functional recovery.