Arquivo da tag: doença de Parkinson

Respiratory-swallowing coordination and swallowing safety in patients with Parkinson’s disease

Troche MS; Huebner I; Rosenbek JC; Okun MS; Sapienza CM

Dysphagia;26(3):218-24, 2011 Sep.

The purpose of this study was to determine if individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD) demonstrate abnormal respiratory events when swallowing thin liquids. In addition, this study sought to define associations between respiratory events, swallowing apnea duration, and penetration-aspiration (P-A) scale scores. Thirty-nine individuals with PD were administered ten trials of a 5-ml thin liquid bolus. P-A scale score quantified the presence of penetration and aspiration during the swallowing of a 3-oz sequential bolus. Participants were divided into two groups based on swallowing safety judged during the 3-oz sequential swallowing: Group 1 = P-A â‰¤ 2; Group 2 = P-A â‰¥ 3. Swallows were examined using videofluoroscopy coupled with a nasal cannula to record respiratory signals during the event(s). Findings indicated that expiration was the predominant respiratory event before and after swallowing apnea. The data revealed no differences in our cohort versus the percentages of post-swallowing events reported in the literature for healthy adults. In addition, individuals with decreased swallowing safety, as measured by the P-A scale, were more likely to inspire after swallows and to have shorter swallowing apnea duration. Individuals who inspired before swallow also had longer swallowing apnea duration. The occurrence of inspiratory events after a swallow and the occurrence of shorter swallowing apnea durations may serve as important indicators during clinical swallowing assessments in patients at risk for penetration or aspiration with PD.

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Impaired food transportation in Parkinson’s disease related to lingual bradykinesia

Umemoto G; Tsuboi Y; Kitashima A; Furuya H; Kikuta T

Dysphagia;26(3):250-5, 2011 Sep.

This study aimed to analyze quantitatively videofluoroscopic (VF) images of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD), to evaluate if the predicted factors of the oral phase of swallowing deteriorated with PD progression, and to demonstrate a relationship between the abnormal movements of the tongue and food transportation. Thirty PD patients were recruited and divided into mild/moderate (Hoehn & Yahr stages II and III) and advanced (stages IV and V) groups. They underwent measurement of tongue strength and VF using 5 ml of barium gelatin jelly as a test food. We measured the speed of bolus movement and the range of tongue and mandible movements during oropharyngeal transit time. The maximum tongue pressure of the mild/moderate group was significantly larger than that of advanced group (p = 0.047). The oropharyngeal transit time of the mild/moderate group was significantly shorter than that of the advanced group (p = 0.045). There was a significant negative correlation between the speed of tongue movement and the oropharyngeal transit time (p = 0.003, R = -0.527). Prolonged mealtimes and the ejection of insufficiently masticated food from the oral cavity into oropharynx were associated with PD progression. These results indicate the importance of the oral phase of swallowing in PD patients.

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Awareness of dysphagia in Parkinson’s disease

Bayés-Rusiñol À; Forjaz MJ; Ayala A; Crespo Mde L; Prats A; Valles E; Petit C; Casanovas M; Garolera-Freixa M

Rev Neurol;53(11):664-72, 2011 Dec 1.

INTRODUCTION AND AIM: In order to be able to assess the level of awareness of swallowing disorders in Parkinson’s disease (PD), a specific questionnaire was designed and validated: the Dysphapark questionnaire. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 470 persons with PD were asked whether they believe they have problems swallowing or not, and then they filled in a self-administered questionnaire that evaluates the effectiveness and safety of swallowing. The Dysphapark questionnaire was validated by means of Rasch analysis and classical psychometric methods. RESULTS: The safety and effectiveness dimensions of the Dysphapark fit the Rasch model well. The efficacy dimension showed significant differences for gender, length of the illness, awareness of dysphagia and length of meals. Significant differences were also found in the safety dimension for length and severity of illness, awareness of dysphagia, speech therapy and knowledge of thickening agents. Despite the fact that 90% of patients had problems concerning effectiveness and safety in swallowing, 79.45% were not aware that they suffered from dysphagia. CONCLUSIONS: The Dysphapark questionnaire is a suitable measure of dysphagia in PD, according to the Rasch analysis. A high proportion of patients with PD have dysphagia, although it has been observed that they have a low level of awareness of the condition, of the consequences it may have and of the possibility of using thickening agents. Given that some of the swallowing disorders in PD are asymptomatic and that the level of awareness of the disorder is low, we recommend including specific questionnaires as well as clinical and instrumental evaluation of dysphagia in clinical practice.

 

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Analysis of oropharyngeal dysphagia through fibroendoscopy evaluation of swallowing in patients with Parkinson’s disease

Correa-Flores M; Arch-Tirado E; Villeda-Miranda A; Rocha-Cacho KE; Verduzco-Mendoza A; Hernández-López X

Cir Cir;80(1):31-7, 2012 Jan-Feb.

BACKGROUND: Parkinson’s disease (PD) has a high incidence in Mexico and is estimated at approximately 500,000 patients. One of the main clinical manifestations of PD is dysphagia, which is the difficult passage of food from the mouth to the stomach. The aim of this study was to assess oropharyngeal dysphagia through fibroendoscopy evaluation of swallowing in patients with PD. METHODS: We conducted a census sample of patients with PD: 17 males and 10 females, aged >49 years. Clinical history, physical examination and neurological evaluation of swallowing fibroendoscopy were carried out. RESULTS: Of the symptomatic patients, 16 patients (59.25%) reported dysphagia. Fibroendoscopic evaluation demonstrated swallowing disorders in 25 patients (92.59%). The main findings were poor bolus control in 19 patients (70.37%), deficits in bolus propulsion in 25 patients (92.59%), impaired swallowing in 14 patients (51.85%), fractional swallowing in 11 patients (40.74%), reduced epiglottic tilting in 11 patients (48.14%), food residue in vallecula in 24 patients (88.88%) and piriform sinus in 19 patients (70.37%). There was no correlation between duration of PD and degree of involvement of oropharyngeal dysphagia. CONCLUSIONS: Oropharyngeal dysphagia in patients with PD is a common symptom and can range from the oral cavity to the upper esophageal sphincter. Early onset of severe dysphagia is exceptional in this disease and should alert the clinician to the diagnostic possibility of parkinsonism.

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Validation of the Japanese translation of the Swallowing Disturbance Questionnaire in Parkinson’s disease patients

Yamamoto T; Ikeda K; Usui H; Miyamoto M; Murata M

Qual Life Res;21(7):1299-303, 2012 Sep

PURPOSE: The Swallowing Disturbance Questionnaire (SDQ) was developed as a self-rated screening tool for dysphagia in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). We developed the Japanese version of this questionnaire (SDQ-J), according to the cross-cultural adaptation guidelines, and examined its reliability. METHODS: Subjects were 61 Japanese patients with PD (mean age, 67.0 ± 9.2 years) who answered the SDQ-J before undergoing videofluoroscopic examination of swallowing (VF). We compared the findings of the questionnaire with the patients’ aspiration status during VF. RESULTS: Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the 15 questions of the SDQ-J was 0.84. According to the SDQ-J, 15 patients (24.6%) were diagnosed with dysphagia, while 9 patients (14.8%) aspirated liquid during VF. The sensitivity and specificity of the SDQ-J in predicting aspiration were 77.8 and 84.6%, respectively; therefore, the SDQ-J significantly predicted aspiration during VF (P < 0.01). The positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) for the SDQ-J were 0.46 and 0.96, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The SDQ-J appears to be a reliable and useful screening tool for Japanese PD patients with aspiration. As the NPV was higher than the PPV in the SDQ-J, this questionnaire could potentially be used for early identification of severe dysphagia in patients with PD.

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Aspectos fonaudiológicos na doença de Parkinson

Palermo, Simone; Tavares, Eloíza Fernandes; Bastos, Izabel Cristina Constantino; Mendes, Maria Filomena X.

Rev. bras. neurol; 43(1): 33-39, jan.-mar. 2007.

Resumo

A doença de Parkinson se caracteriza por alteração da motilidade involuntária que pode levar ao comportamento da articulação da palavra da voz e da deglutição em alguma fase da doença. O objetivo é relacionar o atendimento fonoaudiológico de acordo com o estágio da doença, aplicando técnicas fonoaudiológicas tradicionais possibilitando a intervenção na mobilidade e na flexibilidade oromuscular para a articulação dos sons, coordenação das estruturas da fala, controle e aumento da capacidade respiratória e dos distúrbios específicos da deglutição, visando aplicabilidade de técnicas fonoaudiológicas compatíveis com a doença de Parkinson, além de verificar se a alteração olfatória referida e constatada em avaliação fonoaudiológica, tem relação com possível déficit cognitivo (memória olfatória) ou faz parte do processo de senilidade. Foram selecionados 47 pacientes do ambulatório de distúrbios do movimento do INDC/UFRJ, com diagnóstico de doença de Parkinson, avaliados segundo a escala de Hoehn & Yahr, com queixas relativas à articulação da palavra, da fonação e da deglutição e encaminhados ao setor de fonoaudiologia. Dos 47 pacientes, selecionou-se 23 no estágio II da referida escala, visando aplicação mensal do exame TMF (tempo máximo fonatório) por um período de um ano e três meses, avaliando coaptação de pregas vocais, dinâmica respiratória, equilíbrio de força aerodinâmica rouca (85%), articulação disártrica (74%), anosmia (72%), tremor de língua (70%), disfagia (49%), sialismo presente (49%), ATM com deslocamento (47%), reflexo protetivo de tosse e pigarreio ausentes (28%) ritmo de fala bradilálico (23%), tremor da mandíbula (15%). No TMF, o maior percentual de alteração foi em eficiência glótica (34%) e o menor em hipercontração de pregas vocais (17%). A aplicação de técnicas fonoaudiológicas relativas aos distúrbios da comunicação oral e deglutição do paciente com doença de Parkinson no ambulatório de fonoaudiologia no INDC/UFRJ vem … Parkinson.

Assuntos

Humanos Doença de Parkinson/complicações Fonoaudiologia Distúrbios da Voz

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Disfagia do idoso: estudo videofluoroscópico de idosos com e sem doença de Parkinson

Bigal, Alessandra; Harumi, Daniela; Luz, Mislene; De Luccia, Gabriela; Bilton, Tereza.

Distúrb. comun; 19(2): 213-223, 2007.

Resumo

Objetivo: descrever as alterações nas fases oral, farínfea e esofágica da deglutição de pacientes idosos com doença de Parkinson (DP) avaliados pela videofluoroscopia, comparando com as queixas relatadas pelos mesmos; comparar as alterações entre pacientes com doença de Parkinson e um grupo de idosos com mais de 60 anos sem alterações neurológicas (grupo controle). Método: foram levantadas as principais queixas quanto à deglutição e avaliados pela videofluoroscopia 25 pacientes com doença de Parkinson (DP), sendo 19 do sexo masculino e 6 do sexo feminino entre o II e IV estágio da doença, segundo a escala modificada de Hoehn e Yahr. Os pacientes foram avaliados em todas as consistências alimentares. Os achados foram comparados com o grupo controle. Resultados: na fase oral, as alterações mais comuns foram: dificuldade no movimento de preparo e organização do bolo alimentar, fechamento labial inadequado, tremor da língua em repouso e durante a mastigação e permanência do meio de contraste em cavidade oral. Na fase faríngea foi observada estase em valéculas, recessos piriformes e esfíncter esofágico superior, necessidade de múltiplas deglutições para limpeza e aspiração laringo-traqueal. Na fase esofágica, presença de contrações terciárias, diminuição do peristaltismo, presença de refluxo gastroesofágico. Conclusão: pacientes com doença de Parkinson podem apresentar alterações nas fases oral, faríngea e esofágica da deglutição mais freqüentes do que em idosos sem alterações neurológicas .

Assuntos

Humanos Masculino Feminino Idoso Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais Deglutição Doença de Parkinson Idoso FluoroscopiaEstudos de Casos

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